Information and photographs submitted by subscribers are posted in good faith. If any copyright of anyone else's material is unintentionally breached, please email me

The Decline Of The Industry
And Nationalisation 1947


1936 - Page 2

Other Collieries Closed in 1936
  • Avenue 10/11 (Clay Cross Co) closed after 89 years
  • Barlborough Common (Barlborough Common Coal Co Ltd) Barlborough, Winter Bed 11/3
  • Birchwood (James Oakes and Co), Alfreton, Deep Hard, discontinued 1934
  • Blackamoor or New Marsden (Thomas and F Unwin) Troway, adit and air shaft fin 8 Aug 1936, 3/1, Surveyor Arthur D Marriott (918) see 1938
  • Dobholme (J and J Slack) Troway, abandoned June
  • Ford Lane (H Kay) stood, 4 separate areas by headings, 2 found old works, Surveyor Arthur D Marriott (918)
  • Hardwick (Hardwick Colliery Co) Top Hard and heads in Dunsil seam also closed 1936
  • Holmley Common Coal Aston (Kay and Rowbotham)
  • Hopewell (Hopewell Colliery Co Ltd) Surveyor G Hurst, Hill Top near Duffield, 2 adits to Ashgate, 1 May 1936
  • Little Hartshay (E Glossop), Ripley, Blackshale, abandoned Aug
  • Mosborough Moor (Mosborough Moor Coal Co Ltd), Parkgate, stood since June 1936
  • Netherseal (Netherseal Colliery Co) (S Derbys), Main seam abandoned 30 Jun 1936, Surveyor JF Jowitt (1773)
  • Peacock Drift (Edwin Glossop), Oakerthorpe, 2 adits and air pit 10 yards (9m) deep, heads driven until Apr 1934 Tupton 4’ 5½” (1.36m), then pillars robbed by Jan, closed June 1936, abandoned Aug when mining area lease was exhausted, Surveyor HL Jackson (502)
  • Selston (Barber, Walker and Co) Eastwood Collieries, Deep Hard, 29 Jun 1936, Surveyor George W Whitelock (910)
  • Shireoaks (Shireoaks Colliery Co Ltd), Harricroft 2/1, discontinued Aug 1929
  • Shirland (Shirland Colliery Co?), Deep Hard, closed Dec 1935
  • Sicklebrook Lane (Fisher, Hill and Havenhand?) stood 1932
  • Stanton Thorntree (J and N Nadin’s) shown, Stanhope seam fin, AA Hook (63) Surveyor, FM Joyce Agent, abandoned 1937
  • Swanwick Old (Lily Street) (RCA Palmer-Morewood), Alfreton, Waterloo 7/2
  • Townend (Thos Tomlinson), Wingfield Park (Hunt Bros), South Wingfield, Kilburn, abandoned Aug.

Whiteley Pit Also Known as Marehay Colliery Closed

At Whiteley pit also known as Marehay (Derbyshire) (Butterley Co Ltd) 342 u/g / 63 s/f, the Low Main at 191½ yards (175m) deep was closed on 12th June 1936 in order to concentrate the workings of the company due to quota restrictions, section bind roof, Jerries 9” (0.25m), hard list 2½” (0.06m), minge 2’ 6” (0.76m), hard list 3” (0.07m), brights 1” (0.025m), clunch floor. In the shaft it was 110 yards (100m) deep to Soft coal, 141½ yards (129m) to Hard coal, signed by Henry Eustace Mitton Agent, and Ernest Severn Lamb (839) Company Surveyor.

Nearby at Ripley No1 it was 163 yards (149m) to Soft coal and 192 yards (175m) to Hard coal.
Ripley No3
shaft was 209 yards (191m) to Piper, 256½ yards (234.5m) to Low Main and 297 yards (271m) to Blackshale. At Fords shaft 216 yards (197.5m) to Low Main and 253 yards (231m) to Blackshale.
At Cally (Calley) pit 130 yards (119m) to Ell seam and 178 yards (163m) to Hard coal.

Pumping duties continued at Tibshelf No1/2 (Bottom) pit, which had closed (see 1939).


  • Stewart Crawford Wardell (506s) was Manager and Agent for the company.


  • Tupton, William Coupe (960 service cert)
  • Deep Hard, William Armstrong (961 service)
  • George Hill (1635 / 2nd) 1908-16 (transferred from No3 pit)
  • Silkstone, John R Maddison (962s).

Persevere Engine

Pinxton Persevere Engine pit (Derbyshire) Deep Soft working stopped in 1936, started 1877?


At Furnace Hill No2 (H and C Hartshorne), South Wingfield, (Derbyshire) prospecting was being carried out.

Transfer Of Coal

Amounts of coal were transferred from different regions by certain coal companies because of the association, e.g. West End Colliery Co Ltd transferred 13,393 tons to the Bestwood Colliery Co Ltd who had acquired the undertaking, and Barber, Walker and Co Ltd transferred 7,948 tons from South Yorkshire mines to mines owned in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. These seem paltry figures today and in the early 2000s a tonnage of that nature cut be produced in one day at a large mine.

Union Members To Vote For Strike Action

The MFGB asked the members to vote for strike action when it was found that the Nottinghamshire miners were taking home the lowest pay of all the coalfields. However it would appear that the proposed strike did not happen.

Dispute At Harworth

At Harworth (Nottinghamshire) (Barber, Walker and Co), there was an assault on two boys by an official in August 1936, which caused a dispute. The officials of the NMA (Nottinghamshire Miners Association) wanted to interview the Manager but he refused.

Mick Kane
Mick Kane

J Pickering the President of the Harworth Branch of the union was replaced by Michael Kane who was a Communist. On 1st September 1936 there was a minor dispute at Harworth over snap time starting at 5.15pm instead of 6pm, and two men were sacked for taking ‘snap’ without permission. On 2nd September, 116 men went back home. There was a disagreement over dirt allowances as well. The majority of the men came out in sympathy on 3rd September. The NMA made an effort to interview the Manager but again he refused until the men agreed to return to work. More men came out on 17th September.

The Manager wanted to punish the ringleaders and for this purpose he drew up certain conditions which he said they must sign before he would re-instate them. They refused therefore they were not re-employed. On 4th November there was a ballot that gave 1,175 votes for the NMA and 145 votes for the Nottinghamshire and District Miners Industrial union. By 17th November there were only 195 men at work. In December WL Cook of the Mines Department requested George Spencer MP to ask Barber, Walker and Co to withdraw the condition that each workman must be a member of the Industrial union in order to be employed. The owners were not prepared to deal with Nottinghamshire Miners Association. Of course no job, meant no house but this did not deter the men from coming out. An eventual strike lasted until 31st May 1937. Strike pay was paid through the Miners Federation and pit collections made in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.

Some men worked (strike breakers), and had to endure the ‘chain gang’ reception as hundreds of men and women congregated every night to watch.

Work resumed at Harworth after the strike, but due to the underground conditions, which had deteriorated during the 6 months stoppage, there was only enough work for 350 out of 1,000.

The President of the Miners Federation of Great Britain, Will Lawther, drew names out a hat - one of the terms of settlement.

Some men found work at other pits and some returned to their native Durham.

This issue was settled under the threat of a National strike.

Mick Kane And Others Jailed

On 26th June 1937 Mick Kane, President of Harworth Nottinghamshire Miners Association was jailed for 2 years. Two others GA Chandler and JH Smith got 15 months, W Carney received 12 months, 6 received 9 months JA Wilson (Vice President), G Barker, F Jobson, B Murray, HE Risdale and Mrs Margaret Haymer; T Smith 6 months and T Richardson, 4 months jail.

Eakring Anticline

In 1936 after having encountered difficult conditions with the workings to the East at Bilsthorpe (Nottinghamshire) due to approaching the Eakring anticline 2 roadways were continued to the east, the cost of which was shared between the Stanton Ironworks Co Ltd and D’Arcy Exploration company to establish the magnitude of the problem following the Top Hard seam up the anticline until it was unsafe to go further due to the close proximity of the water-bearing strata.
As a result of these findings the Eakring oilfield was proved. Surface boreholes would be drilled later.

Other Fatal Accidents

  • Brookhill, Sam Palfreyman (47) fall of roof 31 Dec 1936
  • Shipley, John William Johnson (35) caught in machinery on the surface 3 Mar 1936
  • Stanley, William Lomas (42) fall of roof 4 Apr 1936

Output For 1936
  • Nottinghamshire pits 14.0m tons
  • North Derbyshire pits 11.6m tons
  • South Derbyshire pits 1.410m tons
  • Leicestershire pits 2.0m tons
    (By comparison, Yorkshire pits produced 43.8m)


left 1



Pit Terminology - Glossary