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10 November 1895 - Seven Miners Were Killed
Blackwell 'A' Winning Colliery Disaster - Page 2
Those Who Died

Blackwell 'A' Winning

Alfreton, Derbyshire. 11th November 1895.

At midnight on the 10th November, 23 night shift workmen descended the mine to prepare the workings for the day shift men on Monday morning. All appears to have gone well until 4 a.m. on Monday when some of the officials felt a concussion which indicated to them that something unusual had happened in some part of the workings. It was soon discovered that there had been an explosion in either the South or the South West workings. The manager and undermanager, who lived close to the colliery, were called at once and descended the mine at once and tried to get to the men known to be in the South District. The main haulage road was completely blocked by a large fall and the party had to enter the district by the dangerous return airway. This was charged with noxious gases and it was a difficult passage.

Mr. Arthur Stokes, H.M. Inspector of Mines was informed of the accident by telegram and arrived at the colliery at 10 a.m. He went down at once with the manager of a neighbouring colliery, Mr. S. Watson. In the return airway they came to the conclusion that there had been an explosion and upon entering No.20 main road leading to the main haulage road they found that the doors had been blown out and as the exploration proceeded, they met heavy falls and broken tubs. This party of explorers met another party who had been down the mine, at the junction of No.20 main road with the main haulage road, they were found to be in an exhausted state. They had found one of the officials dead but were able to bring the body out.

The second party went on and found five bodies in the haulage road. The Inspector was told that at a point of 418 yards from the bottom of the downcast pit bottom the tail rope of the haulage gear was rubbing against the side of the roadway and men had been set to remove the projection. Near this point, where the bodies of Jones, Shaw and Gibson and a dead pony attached to two loaded tubs. Nearby was an empty water barrel, turned up on end, a bucket in a refuge hole and the men’s blasting tools, and a powder can in another refuge hole. A few yards further on, there was a piece of timber laid across the rails which was the recognised signal that a shot was to be fired. It was evident that the shot had blown out from the side of the road.

The men who lost their lives were-

  • William Martin, night deputy
  • Joseph Renshaw, examiner
  • James Fryer, examiner
  • James Mee, dataller
  • John Jones, dataller
  • Thomas Shaw, dataller
  • John Gibson, driver.

The inquiry into the deaths of the men was held by Dr. Albert Green, Deputy Coroner, at Blackwell. The court heard that there was no doubt that John Jones went down the pit to fire a shot in the South Main Road and remove the obstruction to the haulage. After hearing all the evidence the jury brought in the following verdict:-

“We find that John Jones and six others whose bodies we viewed on November 13th met their deaths on November 11th in the low Main seam at the ‘A’ Winning Pit of the Blackwell Colliery Company, which explosion was caused by an overcharged shot of gunpowder but the evidence fails to clearly define the secondary cause.

We find that no blame can be attached to the management, and we believe that all concerned will have benefited from the results of this calamity.

We also wish to express our sense of admiration of the noble courage displayed by the whole of the exploring party, and to thank the management for the assistance rendered to us by the clear manner in which the maps and tracings have been provided and explained.”

Mr. Stokes commented on the remarks about the secondary cause when all the expert witnesses recognised the cause as coal dust. He commented:-

“The failure of the jury to recognise the secondary cause was probably due to the general reluctance of many mining men and others to admit coal dust alone can be fired and rise to such devastating phenomena as those found after a colliery explosion.”

Pit Terminology - Glossary


Accidents at Blackwell 'B' Winning
The Colliery