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The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913


1873 - Page 2

Miners Invited To Take Action

In the 1870s the Management at Blackwell Colliery Co invited the men ‘to take such steps as would prevent a recurrence of the changing of motties on coal tubs’, as had been happening at their pit Blackwell A Winning. Every tub of coal delivered from a coalface was marked with a motty (tally or check) or chalk to state which stall or working place the output had originated from. The coal when weighed at the surface would have that mark noted against the tonnage and from these totals the payment would be worked out. This amount would then be shared out by the Butty among the other members of the team after first taking out his share, which was never disclosed. By changing the mark to another, one stall could be penalised whilst another would benefit.

Silver Hill

At the first Silver Hill pit (Teversall No1) (Stanton Iron Co) the Top Hard seam was abandoned in 1873. The Dunsil seam working was continued at the other shaft to the rise side some 30 yards (27.5m) below and nearer to the lane and was referred to as Dunsill colliery. See plan of Top Hard workings above to left. See 1876 for Dunsil workings.


The first annual demonstration of miners at Chesterfield was held and around 30,000 people thronged the streets. All the Derbyshire Lodges attended and they were accompanied by more than 30 brass bands on their march through the town. It was organised by the South Yorkshire Miners' Association.

Coal Prices Peaked

Coal prices peaked and in the Chesterfield area was around 12s (60p) per ton.

There was a sharp demand for coal as can be seen from the number of mines opened.

Other Collieries Sunk or Opened in 1873

  • Alma (Thos Holdsworth), Clay Cross
  • Alton No1 and 2 (Alton Coal and Coke Co)
  • Ambergate (Bathurst and Co), Ambergate
  • Apperknowl (Gill and Co), Unstone
  • Apperknowl (Havenhand and Allen), Chesterfield
  • Bank End pits (Messrs Levi and Elijah Hall) re-opened the pits and extracted coal left in pillars 1868-1873
  • Barlow Lees (Monkwood Colliery Co), Chesterfield
  • Bailey Brook (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Langley Mill
  • Bear Tree (Joseph Wright), Chesterfield
  • Blackwell A (Blackwell Colliery Co), Blackwell
  • Birdfield (Ward Bros)
  • Birley Hackenthorpe (John Plant), Unstone
  • Birley Moor (Edward Bramhall), Eckington
  • Birley North (Jeffcock and Dunn)
  • Birley Parkgate (Jeffcock and Dunn)
  • Birley Railway (Jeffcock and Dunn)
  • Boythorpe Lane (Chesterfield and Boythorpe Coal Co)
  • Boythorpe Lane (Chesterfield Coal Co)
  • Brampton New (RW Jackson and Co), Chesterfield
  • Brands (Butterley Iron and Coal Co)
  • Bretby New (Countess of Chesterfield), Bretby (South Derbyshire)
  • Brickyard (Butterley Iron and Coal Co) opened
  • Brimington Lane (C Black)
  • Britain (Butterley Iron and Coal Co) opened
  • Brockwell or Brookwell (W and H Bridden) sunk 2 shafts, Chesterfield
  • Bull Close 1 and 2 (JL Hewitt), Unstone
  • Bulwell (Chas Seely and Co)
  • Carr Close (Bostock and Co), Ilkeston
  • Calley (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Ripley
  • Calow (Aaron Robinson), Chesterfield
  • Cawley (Richard Bingham), Chesterfield
  • Church (Heanor and Marlpool Colliery Co), Heanor
  • Church (GB Gregory), Heanor
  • Clay Cross (Tyler and Woodward), Clay Cross
  • Clown (Shireoaks Colliery Co), Staveley
  • Cossall (Lynch and Cadogan)
  • Cottam New (Renishaw Coal and Iron Co)
  • Cutholme (Oldfield and Co), Chesterfield
  • Cutthorpe (Samuel Hoskin), Chesterfield
  • Cutholme (Oldfield and Co), Chesterfield
  • Dale (Stanton Iron Co), Stanton
  • Denby (WD Lowe), Denby
  • Denby Hall (Butterley Co) opened
  • Diminsdale Old (Edward Chambers), Tibshelf
  • Dodson (William Ball), Ilkeston
  • Drift (Henry Rangeley and Son), Unstone
  • Dronfield Silkstone (Dronfield Silkstone Colliery Co), Dronfield
  • Dunstead (H Beam), Langley Mill
  • Dunston (Messrs Barnes), Sheepbridge, E436415, N375261
  • Exhibition (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Ripley, opened
  • Field House (William Walmsley), Brampton
  • Forge Colliery (Knowles and Co), Whittington
  • Furnace (Awsworth Iron and Coal Co), Eastwood
  • Gosforth (Dronfield Silkstone Coal Co), Dronfield
  • Hady (Thos Mason), Chesterfield
  • Heage Old (WG Cursham)
  • Heanor Lane (Henry Fletcher)
  • Heath End (John Lancaster and Co) (Leicestershire)
  • High Lea (Thos Bennett), New Mills
  • Highfield (Lancaster and Knowles), Chesterfield
  • Hill House (William D Holford), Whittington
  • Hollingwood New (Staveley Coal and Iron Co), Staveley
  • Holme Collieries (John Crookes), Newbold, Blackshale, No1 shaft near Holme Brook sunk 10 yards (9m) almost on old hollows, No2 sunk near boundary of Newbold and Brampton parishes
  • Holmewood (Hardwick Coal Co), Heath, Mineral owners Duke of Devonshire, the Right Honourable Mrs Hunlock and Earl Manvers, Stalls 45 yards (41m) wide with gate road in middle, cleavage north to south and coal got on end, rails on face, coal conveyed in tubs by ponies or jigs, cross roads made every 200 yards (183m) due to good roof. Carbonite explosive was used for driving stone drifts, and ripping top stone, but rarely used on coal face. Bonneted Clanny safety lamps were used for illumination
  • Hucknall Huthwaite (Hucknall Huthwaite Co), Huthwaite
  • Ilkeston No1 (Ilkeston Colliery Co), Ilkeston
  • Linby sinking (Linby Coal Co)
  • Lings (Wingerworth Coal Co), North Wingfield
  • Lockoford was sunk near Chesterfield (Tapton Coal Co)
  • Lower House (Lower House Colliery Co), New Mills
  • Manners (Manners Colliery Co), Ilkeston
  • Marehay (Bradley Mart)
  • Marple (J and N Tymm), Marple
  • Meller (J Jowitt), New Mills
  • Moorwood Moor (Moorwood Moor Colliery Co), Eckington
  • Morley Park (Thos Price), Belper
  • Mor(e)ton No5 (William Jackson), Clay Cross
  • New Main (W Whitworth), Chesterfield
  • Newmarket (Bircumshaw and Son), Clay Cross, Blackshale, Apr 1873
  • Newmarket (Kirby and Cross), Clay Cross
  • New Silkstone (James Oakes and Co), Pye Bridge
  • New Skegby (John Dodsley) sinking
  • Newthorpe Lodge (Richard Evans), Ilkeston
  • New Heanor (HH West), Heanor, Comb, 2 shafts 60 yards (55m) deep, John Thomas Boot Surveyor
  • Newbold Lane (Henry Taylor), Chesterfield
  • Northfield (Northfield Colliery Co), Shirland
  • Norman (Samuel Shaw), Ilkeston
  • Oakerthorpe (George Pearson), Wingfield
  • Old Brampton (JH Dixon), Chesterfield
  • Old Brampton (Thos Hayes), Chesterfield
  • Old Dunston (George Orwin), Newbold
  • Park House (Clay Cross Iron and Coal Co), Clay Cross, 2 shafts at 10 ft dia (3.05m) sunk to 4 seams of ironstone
  • Park Gate (J and G Wells), Eckington
  • Pilsley (Holdsworth and Co), Clay Cross
  • Piper (Awsworth Iron and Coal Co), Eastwood
  • Pleasley sinking (Stanton Iron Co)
  • Plumbley Old (John Rhodes), Eckington
  • Railway (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Ripley
  • Renishaw (Chesterfield and Boythorpe Coal Co), Eckington
  • Renishaw Park (J and G Wells)
  • Ryefield (C and WH Dawes and Co), Dronfield
  • Salterwood Old (C and WH Dawes and Co), Denby
  • Salterwood New (WD Lowe)
  • Selston (James Oakes and Co), Selston
  • Seymour (Staveley Coal &Iron Co), Staveley
  • Shipley (AM Mundy), Shipley
  • Shale Cross (Levi and Elijah Hall), New Mills
  • Shady (Birchwood) (Chas Seely and Co), Alfreton
  • Shawmarsh (Thos Bennett), New Mills
  • Simmondsley (Jowitt and Clayton), Glossop
  • Somersall (George Hoskin), Chesterfield
  • Stanley (Hutchinson and Saxon), Ilkeston
  • Stanley (Stanley Colliery Co), Stanley
  • Stanhope (J and N Nadin), Swadlincote
  • Stretton (Round and Co), Clay Cross
  • Troway (Rhodes Bros), Dronfield
  • Tunnel (James Oakes and Co), Pye Bridge
  • Tupton (Wingerworth Iron Co), Chesterfield
  • Unstone (Henry Rangeley and Son)
  • Wallsend (Tapton Coal Co), Chesterfield
  • Waterloo (Messrs Barnes), Chesterfield
  • Western (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Ripley
  • Whaley (Buxton Lime Co), Buxton
  • White Lane (Richardson and Vardy), Eckington
  • Whitecotes (Samuel Lowe), Chesterfield
  • Whitebank No1 and 2 (Industrial Coal Co), Chesterfield
  • White Lane Silkstone (Richardson and Vardy), Eckington
  • Wingfield Lane (Samuel Lowe), Clay Cross
  • Wigwell (Francis Barton), Ambergate
  • Woodville (William Cotterill).
    (128 Pits)

Mrs Ellis wife of Colonel Ellis turned the first sod for the sinking of Ellistown New colliery in Leicestershire on 2 Jul 1873, (see 1876). Bestwood (Bestwood Coal and Iron Co) continued sinking.

Stapleford Colliery and Brickworks, Pasture Lane, Stapleford belonged to the Stapleford Lime Co in 1873.

Collieries Closed in 1873

  • Ashgate (S Hoskin and Co)
  • Beau Vale (Barber Walker and Co), Eastwood (last one sunk 1853-54)
  • Bennerley (FC Gillett), Ilkeston
  • Blackfordby (CF Hastings) (South Derbyshire) worked Ell and Eureka to Dec 1873
  • Boythorpe (G Hoskin), Chesterfield
  • Bretby (Countess of Chesterfield) (South Derbyshire) Stockings, Woodfield and Eureka
  • Brimington (Tapton Coal Co Ltd), Chesterfield
  • Bugsworth (Thos Bennett), Buxworth, 700 ft (212m) above sea level, New Mill coal
  • Bugsworth Big or Featheredge (Ratcliffe and Jackson), Glossop, North West Derbyshire, Goddard’s pit, Yard seam, Air brow, Down brow, Air pit, long tunnel to east, coal worked mainly in Will Field, 18 Jun 1873, Thomas Evans HMI 17 Jun 1873
  • Church Gresley (Abney Hastings), Burton (South Derbyshire)
  • Clay Cross (E Phillips), Clay Cross
  • Coleorton (Coleorton Colliery Co) Messrs Checkland and Sons, Main seam, 7th Oct 1873, old Coleorton workings adjacent, Surveyor Geo Lewis ME 25 Mar 1873
  • East? Staveley (Bainbridge), Top Hard
  • Feather Edge (Ratcliffe and Jackson) (see above) Buxworth
  • Folly House (...) Chesterfield
  • Furness Clough (Levi and Elijah Hall) (North West Derbyshire) Yard mine Bank End pits 1868-1873 extracting old pillars left from previous working
  • Giltbrook (Digby Coal Co) Soft coal
  • Goddards, Bugsworth (Ratcliffe and Jackson) Big or Feather Edge coal. There were air brows and down brows, met old works
  • Hasland (Industrial Coal Co) Main Soft or Dunston, coupled to Whitebanks
  • Heanor (J Argyle), Heanor
  • Heanor (Bircumshaw and Co)
  • Heanor (J Prince), Heanor
  • High Lane Gin Pit (Ellis and Co), Eckington, Silkstone
  • Holme (John Crookes) Blackshale stopped, see 1878
  • Hundall (Hundall Colliery Co) Blackshale, Charles Thorold 1873, by 29th Sep 1874 Messrs Bainbridge closed the pit, however it was re-opened later
  • Newbold (Plevin’s and Harrison) Blackshale, coal 1’ 10” (0.58m), dirt 1’ 7” (0.48m), coal 1’ 6” (0.45m), dirt 1’ 3” (0.38m), coal 1’ 9” (0.53m)
  • Oakwell (Ilkeston Colliery Co Ltd) 8 shafts including one 100 feet (30m) deep, another 40 yards (36m), a Jin pit and Water pit and old hollows met, Manager for Co, JB Fearn
  • Park Meadows (J Hewitt)
  • Skegby (John Dodsley) closed after 26 years
  • Spring Foundry (Allen and Swift)
  • Thornsett Hey (SF Hiddrington) Bowers Lane
  • Underwood and Willey Lane collieries (Barber Walker and Co) 190 yards (173.75m) to Top Hard, fin Lady Day 1873, Old Brinsley Engines and Beggarlee adjacent
  • Unstone (Henry Rangeley and Son)
  • Upper Birchwood (Butterley Co), Alfreton
  • Walton (Oldfield and Co) Boythorpe
  • West Hill Heanor (HH West), Heanor, Top Hard Comb coal
  • Whitebanks (Wingerworth Coal and Iron Co) (Senior) Main Soft or Dunston or Deep Soft, Lady Day 1873, surveyed by William Deakin Wadsworth 1st July 1873, Coke and Mills Aug 1876 and 12th July 1877
  • Windmill, Old Whittington, Burnbridge Road, Blackshale seam, pillar and stall method. Workings as left by CH Plevins and his tenant Henry Naylor at the time of giving up possession to the purchaser WD Holford 2 Apr 1873, Surveyor WP Howard 18 Cavendish St, Chesterfield.
    (31 Pits)

At Silver Hill (Nottinghamshire) the Top Hard seam was abandoned, however the Dunsil seam working continued (Stanton Iron and Coal Co).

Lings Top Hard worked to 1st Oct 1873, Surveyor John Bromley, Derby.

Fatal Accidents in 1873

  • Teversall (Butcherwood) (Stanton Iron Co), 21 Apr 1873 Francis Gregory a Brakesman (aged 17) was killed when he was crushed between a waggon and a prop whilst riding up the engine plane.
  • Butcherwood several small explosions would occur at the Top Hard coalface where candles were used for illumination, with men getting burned but fortunately with no loss of life.
  • Birchwood, Tom Orme (17), hit by wheel lever 29 Dec 1873
  • Brampton (RW Jackson), a sinker Joseph Talbot was killed by an explosion of firedamp in the shaft 9 May 1873. The Manager Henry Walters said that the shaft was being sunk to the Blackshale at 65 yards (60m) deep and the sinkers were installing iron tubbing 22 yards (20m) from the surface working on a wooden scaffold suspended by 4 chains and strong hemp ropes attached to the treble gear crab winch. Suddenly there was an explosion
  • Brampton, Thomas Hallows (37), fall of roof
  • Brampton, Charles Hawkesley (?) fall of roof 21 Aug 1873
  • Britain, William Booth (50), explosion of firedamp 16 Apr 1873
  • Clay Cross, CS Cauldwell (19), run over by tubs 10 Feb 1873
  • Clay Cross, William Elliott (27), fall of roof 7 Jun 1873
  • Denby, Thomas Wood (?), run over by tubs 24 Oct 1873
  • Dunston, Charles Hunt (58), Undermanager, suffocated by blackdamp 9 Dec 1873
  • Grassmoor, Vincent Saxton (14), run over by tubs 15 Feb 1873
  • Hill Top, Thomas Swain (14), fall of roof 1 Jun 1873
  • Hollingwood, Solomon Cummings (14), run over by wagon on the surface 30 Jan 1873
  • Langley, Thomas Bestwick (14), crushed by tubs 30 Jul 1873
  • Mapperley, John Parkin (20), fall of coal 29 Sep 1873
  • Marehay, Joshua Thrall (14), coal fell down shaft and struck him 3 May 1873
  • Marehay, Thomas Sneap (63), run over by tubs 20 Jun 1873
  • Morton, Joseph Hays (12), run over by tubs 11 Jul 1873
  • New Main, Ebor Dulstin (14), crushed by tubs 9 Jan 1873
  • Oakthorpe, Sam Redfern (..), crushed by the cage 6 Mar 1873
  • Old Hollingwood, James Ryan (19), fall of roof 18 Feb 1873
  • Old Hollingwood, Arthur Dilks (..), fall of roof 20 Nov 1873
  • Pilsley, John Warrener (23), fall of roof 17 Oct 1873
  • Pilsley, William Phillips (35), fell down shaft 14 Nov 1873
  • Pilsley, Arthur Sharp (17), fall of roof 20 Nov 1873
  • Pinxton, Henry Gaskin (53), crushed by tubs 23 Jul 1873
  • Renishaw Park, John Bembridge (35), fall of roof 1 Apr 1873
  • Shipley, James Wright (?), fall of roof 7 Aug 1873
  • Shirland, Sam Hambleton (20), fall of roof 25 Mar 1873
  • Snibston, John Read (60), fall of roof 11 Jun 1873
  • Speedwell, Henry Scott (15), fall of roof 19 Jul 1873
  • Speedwell, John Felton (48), explosion of firedamp 3 Oct 1873
  • Springwell, Richard Lee (?), kicked by a pony 12 Dec 1873
  • Summerley, Joseph Bacon (46), run over by tubs 2 Sep 1873
  • Swannington, Isaac Bonser (15), kicked by a pony
  • Tapton, Amos Redfern (?), fall of roof 26 Sep 1873
  • Tapton, John Westenholme (42), fall of roof 12 Dec 1873
  • Thatchmarsh, Samuel Heappy (37), fall of roof 13 Jun 1873
  • Tibshelf, Thomas Marsh (34), crushed by the cage 12 Mar 1873
  • Tibshelf, Thomas Stapleton (23), crushed by cage 26 Jul 1873
  • Wingerworth, Peter hallows (19), crushed by haulage rope 18 Jan 1873
  • Wingerworth, John Elliott (30), fall of roof 5 Apr 1873
  • Wingfield Lane, George Lowe (46), fall of roof 26 Nov 1873
  • Wingfield Lane, Richard Darlington (54), fall of roof 17 Sep 1873.

Fatal Accidents Coleorton No1 (California) (Worswick & Walker) 1849-1873

  • John Williams (boy) killed by a fall of coal in the shaft 19 Oct 1851
  • John Mason (?) run over by tubs 30 Mar 1852
  • Joseph Horne (boy) fell down the shaft 28 Jan 1853
  • John Lakin (boy) blow from handle of a windlass 3 Dec 1853
  • Robert Lakin (?) fall of roof 12 Apr 1854
  • Thomas Jeffcote (boy) fell down shaft 21 May 1855
  • Henry Watson (boy) fell down shaft 21 May 1855
  • Herbert King (28) fall of roof onto his neck whilst he was eating his snap 21 July 1869

Fatal Accidents Coleorton No2 (Califat or Alabama or Windmill) (Wm Worswick) 1855-1873

  • N Whyman (30) miner, fall of roof 18 June 1861
  • T Webster (33) miner, fall of roof 2 Nov 1862
  • John Hutchinson (28), miner, fell down shaft 30 May 1863
  • Henry Clements (16) Pony driver and 
  • Thomas Bird (41) Deputy and 
  • Jeremiah Rose (40) a Carpenter, all 3 drowned when water broke in from Limby Hall mine 8 Oct 1863
  • Thomas Saddington (60) Horsekeeper was crushed by the cage in the shaft 30 Jan 1867
  • William Cooper (25) Loader, run over by tub 6 Apr 1869
  • George Lawrence (40) collier, fall of rock roof 27 Oct 1870
  • William King (33) collier, fall of roof 7 Feb 1872
  • William Leyburn (47) stone getter, fall of roof 13 July 1872
  • Charles Hall (13) Pony driver, knocked down by a horse and run over 20 Nov 1872

Manager Summoned

At Old Brampton (Ralph W Jackson MP) Henry Walters the Manager was summoned for contravention of the Mines Regulation Act 1872 for not displaying special rules in conspicuous places for inspection. The Mines Inspector also found a connecting rod and crank unfenced in an engine house on 10 Nov 1873. Also for permitting gunpowder to go down the pit to be used otherwise than as cartridges, he had found some gunpowder in a tin in No21 stall. The Manager was fined £5 (approx £230 in 2010) plus costs on each charge giving a total fine of £17 13s 6d ( £17.67½p) (approx £805 in 2010).

There were 156 pits North Derbyshire, 34 in Nottinghamshire and 16 in Leicestershire.

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Pit Terminology - Glossary

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