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The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913


1874 - Page 2


Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli (Conservative) 1874-1880. Incidentally in 1874 two miners from the North East of the country, Alexander Macdonald and Thomas Burt (representing a mining community) were both elected as the first trade union Liberal members of Parliament.


Tibshelf Colliery Club

At Tibshelf a Colliery Club was built for the workforce at a cost of £2,000 and had a reading room, library, billiard and smoking rooms and cricket ground and a school for boys and girls (the Infants school was added in 1893).  Chas Seely had taken over Milward’s interests and had begun to develop the village.
John Chambers (son of Benjamin Chambers) coal master in Tibshelf since 1846, died in 1874.

Collieries Sunk Or Opened In 1874

Alma (Thos Holdsworth), Clay Cross

Nuttall Wood

Blackwell B Winning
Blackwell B Winning (Derbyshire) Wooden headstock shown

At the Nuttall Wood Engine Pit (pump shaft) 133 yards deep, the following seams were passed through: Low Bright 1’ 10” (0.57m) at 95 feet (28m) deep, High Hazles 2’ 10” (0.88m) at 180 feet (54m), Cinderhill Main 2’ 9” (0.83m) at 265 feet (80m), Main Smut 1’ 11” (0.58m) at 360 feet (109m) and Top Hard (coal Coombe 1’ 2” (0.36m), dirt 7” (0.18m), coal 1’ 3” (0.38m), dirt 6” (0.3m), coal 5’ 1” (1.55m) at 400 feet (122m) deep.  At the Engine pit within 90 yards (82m) of the shaft bottom to the southeast Barber and Walker working from the Machine House Engine pit level had thurled the hollows and all the tools were left in the pit.

Old Mines

To the south of Blackwell B Winning sinking (Derbyshire)  (wooden headstock shown), lay Berristow (Berrister) and Hill Top (Ball Hill) pits (fin 1875) and to the southeast was the old Winterbank pit (fin 1885).  Further south lay Crank pit sunk 43 yards (39m) to Waterloo, Foundation sunk 20 yards (18m) to Dunshill or Dunsil and another Foundation pit towards Pinxton 45 yards deep (41m) to Waterloo seam.

Many old coal and ironstone pits surrounded the Pye Hill mine.  Selston colliery and Tunnel lay to the west along with Furnace and Fan and Soft coal and Waterloo pit lay to the southwest.  At nearby Riddings the known pits by name were Balance pit, Old Deeps, New Deeps, Thin, Cloddy Riddings colliery, and Ripley A and B pits.  In Golden Valley there was the Butterley Park Foundation, Engine, Exhibition, Top Cloddy and Bottom Cloddy, New Main, Redgates Foundation 75 yards (68m) to Furnace coal and New Main No 5 pits.  There were literally dozens of coal and ironstone shafts in the area.

Mine Fans Introduced

Mine fans began to be introduced into Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire in place of furnace ventilation and by the 1890s all pits would have a Guibal, Cappell or Waddle fan, generally worked by steam engines.  The more modern sinkings caused the closure of many obsolete mines. A Guibal fan 36 feet dia x 12 feet wide (10.98m x 3.65m) was installed at Hucknall Torkard No1 pit in 1874.

The Lindridge Coal Co was formed (later to become the Desford Colliery Co).

Colliery Closures in 1874

  • Alderwasley (Barton and Shaw), Ambergate, Mountain seam, abandoned 7 Jan 1874
  • Alderwasley (Albert Hurt owner, EM Wass and Son lessee), First coal or Mountain, bat 2” (0.05m), coal 1’ 4” (0.40m) bat 1” (0.02m) (section upside down), adit entrance met old works and work continued using these old roadways until abandoned Michaelmas 1874, plan signed by Richard Morris, Manager Dec 1874, received by Thomas Evans Inspector of Mines 12th Jan 1875
  • Alton (RW Jackson), Clay Cross, abandoned
  • Ashgate wrought by (S Hoskin and Co), Brampton, Silkstone to 18th Dec, stone bind, top coal 1’ 8” (0.50m), dirt 1’ 4” (0.40m), bottom coal 2’ 0” (0.61m), bat 4” (0.10m), clunch floor, total 4’ 11” (1.50m), 53 yards (48.5m) met old hollows to South and North West and coal worked by Brampton Colliery Co to East, 18th Dec 1874, Surveyor William Deakin Wadsworth Feb 1875, borehole to North
  • Awsworth (Awsworth Iron Co), Piper 2’ 10” (0.86m), 31 yards (28.3m) deep, small area worked also Black Rake mine, last worked Mix 1874, shaft 55 yards (50m) Brown Rake ironstone mine to Mix 1871
  • Barlborough Park (Jos and Geo Wells)
  • Berrister Lane (Charles Seely and Co)
  • Bear Tree (Joseph Wright), Chesterfield
  • Bird Holme (Wingerworth Iron Co)
  • Birley Vale (Jeffcock and Dunn)
  • Boythorpe Lane (Chesterfield Coal Co)
  • Bramley Moor (J and G Wells and Co)
  • Bretby No1 sunk 1855/57 (Countess of Chesterfield), Bretby, closed due to flooding, Stockings, Woodfield and Eureka seams
  • Bugsworth (T Bennett), Bugsworth
  • Butterley Park 1,2,3,4 (Butterley Co)
  • Coal Aston (James Rhodes and Son, sunk by J Addy?), Coal Aston, Silkstone, Dec 1874, Plan made from old plans in possession of Messrs James Rhodes and Son and from information received from Mr Jonathan Rhodes 11th June 1875, Richard and Geo Coke C&MM Surveyors (June 1876)
  • Dunstead pit (H Boam) near Langley Mill was sunk in 1850 and worked Top Hard to 1863 and then the Coombe coal to the end
  • Eckington (Jos and Geo Wells) Flockton or Parkgate 20 Feb 1874, Harbour Lands Whimsey pit, Harbour Lands Gin pit
  • Eckington (John Rhodes)
  • Fallswood (wrought by A and WT Badger), Dronfield, Silkstone, shafts 55 yards (50.3m) and 53 yards (48.5m), worked up to Rangeley’s old pit shafts (Thomas Evans Inspector received plan 7 Apr 1875)
  • Gleadless Common (J Archer and Co) Silkstone, pit  11 yards (10m) met old workings. A separate pit 17 yards (15.5m) to Silkstone met old workings, Surveyors Grace and Archer June 1874
  • Grassmoor Birchill (Barnes Bros), Hasland, Top Hard
  • Greenhill Lane (Morewood)
  • Hady (worked by J Brailsford and T Mason to 1869, T Mason to 1870 and G Thendon? 1871-1872), Blackshale gotten, bat 1’ 8” (0.50m), tinker 10” (0.25m), coal 2’ 4” (0.71m), Dec 1874, clod 1’ 2” (0.35m), Hard coal 8” (0.20m), bat 2” (0.05m), coal 1’ 8” (0.50m) now being got
  • Heanor (Bircumshaw and Co)
  • Heanor Lane, (Eley and Co), Heanor, the Comb (Coombe) coal was abandoned and the pit closed
  • Heanor Lane (GB Gregory) adit and shaft 26 feet (8m) deep, Top Hard, first UC shaft filled up, met old hollows, 28 Mar 1874, Thomas Evans HMI 20 Jun 1874
  • High Lane Gin pit (Ellis and Co) was closed at Eckington, the Silkstone coal being worked
  • Hill Top, Normanton pit (J Swann) at South Normanton, working Top Hard was closed
  • Holmewood Heath (Wingerworth Co)
  • Hundall (EM Bainbridge and Partners), Unstone, Silkstone, abandoned 8 Aug 1874, bored to old workings, old coal shafts used for ironstone working later, Manager George Hewitt, Agent Geo Hewitt
  • Langley Mill (W Booth), Heanor, Comb 3’ 6” (1.06m), abandoned
  • Langley Mill (Langley Mill Engineering Co), Heanor, Top Soft (Coomb tops 1’ 3” (0.38m), bottoms 1’ 9” (0.53m), 12 yards (11m) deep
  • Manor (Lucas and Co), Dronfield, Silkstone, closed
  • Manor Plantation (Manor Silkstone Colliery) Blackshale seam, Plantation pit, old works Footrill or Tunnel drift – never reached coal 1874, also showed Old shaft and New shaft, R Winstanley Manager
  • Marehay sold by Butterley Co? (Bradley Mart) Ell 2’ 1” and Blackrake (black bind with ironstone balls) 2’ 11” (2.56m), 2 benk faces, July
  • New Brampton (Wadsworth and Oldfield) sunk 1863 (Holmes and Wilcockson 1863-1868)
  • Newlands (Butterley Co)
  • Netherseal (Binns, Jackson and Co)
  • Newbold (CH Plevins and Harrison) in the estate of Rev’d AC Bromehead, Blackshale start 1870, finished 1874, Richard G Coke, Surveyor
  • Newbold (Newbold Iron and Coal Co) 2 areas of Blackshale, Mar 1874, (sunk 1870)
  • Newbold Back Lane (E Taylor)
  • Newfield (Leicestershire)  Main seam (sunk 1834)
  • Newlands (Butterley Co)
  • Oakwell (Ilkeston Colliery Co), Ilkeston, Furnace
  • Phoenix Eckington  (Thomas Kirby)
  • Plumbley Eckington (John Rhodes)
  • Pyebridge (James Oakes and Co)
  • Radford heads in Waterloo abandoned 1874 (see Wollaton below)
  • Rangeley Level  (WRD Rangeley) Unstone district
  • Renishaw (Chesterfield Co)
  • Renishaw Park (Jos and Geo Wells)
  • Ringstones (Robert Hyde and Co Ltd) Whaley Bridge, Big or Yard seam and White Ash, met old works
  • Rutland (Rutland Colliery Co), Ilkeston, Deep Soft and Roof coal abandoned
  • Shaw Marsh (Thomas Bennett), Glossop, Yard Mine, Whitle, 126 feet (38.4m) deep, 1874-1875, signed Thomas Evans Mines Inspector 26th Jan 1876
  • Snape Hill (Messrs S Lucas and Sons)
  • Springfield Main (Limited Co)
  • Stanton (Messrs Nadin)
  • Stubley (Messrs S Lucas and Sons)
  • Sutton (Executors of Robert Arkwright) Heath, (Derbyshire)
  • Swadlincote (Church and Marples), Burton, Block seam, abandoned
  • Tapton (Tapton Coal Co Ltd)
  • Unstone (Henry Rangeley and Co)
  • Unston(e) (Saxon and Co)
  • Unston(e) (Bainbridge and Co)
  • Walton (Oldfield and Co)
  • West Hill (HH West), Heanor, Comb, abandoned
  • West Staveley (Bainbridge and Co), Silkstone
  • Old Whittington Silkstone (Andrews Bros?)
  • Wollaton (Wollaton Colliery Co) Waterloo seam 2’ 10” (0.88m) thick at 46 yards 2 feet 1 inch deep (43m), abandoned 18 Jun 1874, Surveyor George Lewis, Mining Engineer and Co, Derby, plan received by Thomas Evans Inspector of Mines 29 May 1875
  • Woodhouse (W  Booker and Co) near Dronfield, Silkstone, drawing pit and air shaft, worked 1871 to 20 Jun 1874, Grace and Archer Mineral Surveyors, plan signed by Thomas Evans Inspector of Mines 12th Sep 1874. The Kilburn coal was got at Morley Park until Lady Day 1874.  The furnaces had been abandoned due to the slump in the iron trade and the collieries were closed.
  • Carr Close, Ilkeston, Deep Soft and Roof coal was abandoned about July 1879. No1 Engine pit 60 yards (54.8m) and No2 Wind shaft and DC 56 yards (51.2m). Mould and Co worked one part to 25th March 1879, one working reaching a fault in 1875 and old shaft in Dr Norman’s freehold. Another part was worked by Bostock and a further part by Smith to Lady Day (25th March). To the south were workings from Norman Colliery (Samuel Shaw) an adit and old shaft 26 yards (23.8m). The whole area was leased to Bostock and Watson, Surveyor FC Gillett.


Other pits in Langley Mill next to the Midland Railway were adjacent to where the Heanor Gas Light and Coke Co started.  
Gin Pit at Milnhay Farm, also Pit near Pottery offices (Smith and Goodwin)
 Engine Pit near Baptist Chapel
 Pit (Cresswell’s) to West of Chapel near Bakewell’s orchard.

Upper Birchwood (Butterley Co), working under Sleights Farm, property of Colonel ET Coke 3/1874.

Newbold sale...12 powerful draught horses, 4 ponies, carts etc as a result of rail link completed to the works.

Coal wharves were at Langley Bridge by the Canal. This was a good outlet for the coal.

Ambergate changed hands from Bathurst and Co to Ambergate Coal and Brick Co

About this time Bagworth went from Glendon and Co to Bagworth Coal C

Brampton New from RW Jackson and Co to Knowles, Wright and Knowles. 

Heanor Lane closed in 1874, was re-opened by Henry Fletcher, and worked the Coombe coal and Top Hard pillars.

Newthorpe Lodge (Richard Evans, Ilkeston Potteries) worked Deep Soft 42” (1.07m) at 1in5 to rise from 2 shafts 30 yards (27.5m) deep during 1874 to Christmas 1875, when old hollows were met and working ceased.  Geo H Bond and Son, Mining Engineers, Nottingham.

J and G Wells became a Limited Company with Joseph Colver Managing Director (died after about 8 years) and Edwin Wells was Director and General Manager.  No4 pit was sunk nr Eckington?

Butterley Co became Butterley Iron and Coal Co 1874 to 1893.

A steam boiler for a winder exploded at Bull Close colliery (JL Hewitt) at the end of August 1874. Much damage was done, there was no report of any injuries but the men were laid off as the pit was closed for several weeks.


The Clay Cross Lodge of the union was inaugurated in July 1874. The Elam Co of Bethnal Green, London made the banner for the Lodge at a cost of £60. All union lodges would eventually have a banner that was unfurled at meetings and paraded at demonstrations.

The Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Miners Association became a colliery proprietor and formed the Derbyshire Co-operative Mining Society at Ripley in 1874 - but this collapsed in 1878

Fatal Accidents in 1874

  • Bennerley colliery, Isaac Webster (12) ? Apr 1874
  • Blackwell, Geo Carlisle (39), fell from tub down shaft 12 Sep 1874
  • Birchwood, John Machin (13), crushed by tubs 15 Dec 1874
  • Blackwell, Everett Brown (19), fell down shaft 17 Sep 1874
  • Cinderhill, - Mathews (boy..?) 6 Jun 1874
  • Clay Cross No2, James Thurman (32), fall of roof 8 Aug 1874
  • Cotmanhay, John Adcock (43), fall of roof 12 Jan1874
  • Cotmanhay, William Wheatley (49), fall of roof 25 Feb 1874
  • Donisthorpe, Thomas Wright (16), explosion of firedamp 28 Oct 1874
  • Fernilee, John Smith (24), Undermanager overcome by gas, 6 Oct 1874
  • Grassmoor, Geo Bennett (22), run over by tubs 24 Jan1874
  • Ibstock, Geo Houghton (35), fall in a roadway 21 Jul 1874
  • Ilkeston, Douglas Meakin (33), fall of roof 31 Jul 1874
  • Kilburn, Ralph Waterfall (47), fall of roof 20 Jan1874
  • Loscoe, William Fletcher (37), fall in roadway 17 Sep 1874
  • Morewoods pit Alfreton, Kendal Daykin (64) 6 Apr 1874
  • Moorwoods (Morewood) pit Alfreton, John Radford (?) (?) shaft accident 20 Jun 1874
  • Nailstone, Richard Horton (32), fall of coal 22 Jun 1874
  • Norwood, John West (42), fall of roof 23 Apr 1874
  • Oakerthorpe, Henry Waller (21), explosion of firedamp 12 Dec 1874
  • Renishaw Park, Thomas Adams (33), fall in a roadway 12 Mar 1874
  • Renishaw Park, Geo Hutchley (17), fall of roof 1 Jun 1874
  • Renishaw Park, Fred Jennings (17), fall of roof 15 Sep 1874
  • Salterwood, John Wooley (29), shotfiring accident 16 Sep 1874
  • Seymour, John Bowns (18), crushed by tubs 6 Feb 1874
  • Shipley Gate, Enoch Hardy (32), tub fell down sinking shaft 10 Sep 1874
  • Shirland, Sam Wood (32), fall in a roadway 28 Oct 1874
  • Snibston, Joseph Beedin (16), run over by tubs 19 Jun 1874
  • Speedwell, John Hobson (43), fall in a roadway 8 May 1874
  • Springwell, Walter Taylor (18), run over by tubs 3 Jun 1874
  • Swanwick, Kendal Daykin (62), fall of coal 30 Mar 1874
  • Tapton, William Whiteside (59), caught in machinery on surface 12 Jan1874
  • Underwood, George Ball (37) and my wife's great, great grandfather John Smith (22) overcome by smokedamp from an underground fire in stone head working area (while trying to rescue the pit ponies). The fire was caused by naked candles igniting coal 12 Apr 1874. Barber Walker colliery connected to Willey Lane pit. Manager William Wesson, Underviewer William Rowley, Deputy Underviewers William Green and William Wilson
  • Unstone, William Gregory (13), fall in roadway 7 Oct 1874
  • Unstone, William Roberts (14), run over by tubs 12 Dec 1874
  • West Hallam, John Flint (28), fell down shaft 14 Jul 1874
  • Whittington, William Mottishaw (27), hit by a broken chain 23 Apr 1874 


The output for 1874 was 7,150,570 tons from 243 Derbyshire pits, and 3,127,750 tons from 45 Nottinghamshire pits and 1,100,465 tons from 24 Leicestershire pits.


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