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The Decline Of The Industry
And Nationalisation 1947


1916 - Page 2


John W Chambers of Chapeltown, assistant manager at Parkgate Drift belonging Messrs Newton, Chambers and Co. Ltd. was appointed Underground Manager at Tibshelf in Nov 1916.

Huge Roof Fall

At Pye Hill (Nottinghamshire) (James Oakes and Co) on
28th November 1916 there was a large roof fall at the coalface in the Blackshale seam and 3 men were killed.

The photo shows a huge piece of wedge shaped stone that has fallen.

New Basic Rates for Engine Men

The Mackenzie Award of 9th December 1916 gave basic rates for all enginemen, pumpmen, motormen above and below ground and fan men, powerhouse men, stokers, loco men and splicers.

First District Manager

The first District Manager for the Mansfield Woodhouse Mines Rescue Station was FM Brown 1916-1922.

Many More Mines Were Closed in 1916 Including

  • Bowmers (Jos Bowmer), Nether Heage, Belper Lawn seam, 3 separate areas worked, Run In pit  and 5 others at 6 yards (5m) deep, met old workings, Surveyor Albert A Peake of Codnor
  • Brierley Wood (Mosley Bros), Sheepbridge, 25 Mar 1916, Silkstone 11/12, Surveyor William Deakin Wadsworth
  • California (Thos Pope), Killamarsh, High Hazle 1/3
  • Pumping continued at Campbell (Staveley Coal and Iron Co Ltd)
  • Moor Edge (Pickford, Holland and Co Ltd), Totley
  • Moor Hole (Wm Horrox), Mosborough, Deep Hard and Flockton or 60 yards (55m) to Parkgate and 160 yards (146m) to Silkstone, Surveyor B Blackburn, shafts used by Messrs Sheffield Coal Co Ltd
  • Nether Heage (Geo J Beardsley), Norton or Belper Lawn 2/1, 3 separate areas, Run in pit and 6 x 6 yards (5.75m) deep pits, flooded – encountered old workings, 6 Nov 1916, Albert A Peake Surveyor
  • New Nesfield (Geo Wragg) Low Tupton? 2’ 0” (0.61m) and 2’ 2” (0.66m) clay, 15th May met old works, abandoned 28 Aug 1916 Surveyor Johnson Pearson, Chesterfield, met old works
  • Nuthall Wood (Babbington Coal Co)
  • Stanley Kilburn (Derby Kilburn Colliery Co Ltd) New Winning coal at 5’ 2½” (1.59m) thick, abandoned. The workings were inaccessible after December 1915 due to water
  • West Hallam No4 (West Hallam Colliery Co Ltd) Ilkeston, Kilburn seam was closed
  • Worthington (Leicester Colliery and Pipe Co Ltd) Main (Upper) seam 16 May 1916, HB Winstanley, Surveyor James Makin (1794), original plan made by James Tonge ME, (stables were shown on the plan showing that ponies were used underground). 
  • Salterwood (Denby Iron Co) Black Rake ironstone (start 1868 c finish 1876), Ell coal start 1915, finished Dec 1916.

Portland Colliery Closed 1921 after 96 Years

Portland No2 pit (Nottinghamshire) closing down, worked for 96 years and Portland No7 pit, 73 years, closed - the Butterley Co transferred men to the new Low Moor colliery adjacent to Kirkby Summit.

Following the thirling of the two pits on 17th January 1880 all coal from Isaiah's pit (No1 shaft) was turned at Jerry pit (No2 shaft) from 24th February 1880. The engine raised the single rope cage that was greatly out of balance, but to assist the engine a smaller diameter drum was geared to the engine with a heavy chain together with heavy weights. The chain unwound as the rope went down the shaft then reversed and wound on the drum to assist the engine and the brake as the cage neared the pit bottom. A new pair of vertical marine-type steam engines, designed by Sir John Allleyne of the Butterley Co were installed at No2 Jerry pit and were put to work on 17 Dec 1885 and continued to give good service until the pit closed in 1916. The engines were removed and sent to the deepening of No2 shaft to the Deep Soft seam at Kirkby Summit.

A further thirling was made from No2 (Jerry) pit to No4 pit on 20th March 1880. Ventilation of the mine was effected by an underground furnace and that was replaced by a steam driven fan that proved to be under-powered.

At the surface at No2 pit an engine drove a haulage rope directed down the shaft to bring coal from the east plane road workings. Around 1892 two larger engines were erected at the surface. A band rope went down the shafts driving a central wheel with clutches to separate districts in the pit where tubs were transported by lashing chains on to the overhead endless rope.

No1 (Isaiahs) pit shaft was filled up with rubble in 1900 and the 8ft (2.4m) dia shaft was then widened to 12ft (3.65m). At the surface further improvements were made by erecting 3 Galloway boilers and a 100ft (30m) brick chimney. A 22ft (6.7m) dia Waddell fan driven by a compound engine was installed to ventilate No2 pit. Two 40kW belt-driven lighting dynamos supplied by Fosters of Lincoln were also installed to give 250 volt DC current.

No4 pit was worked by a large direct-driven beam engine lifting one tub or tram of coal on the top deck with a water barrel on the bottom deck.

Fatal Accidents And Incidents, Portland Pits

  • Jerry pit (No 2 shaft) was being widened from 8ft (2.4m) to around 14 ft (4.2m), not by filling the shaft and then widening, but by men working on a scaffold suspended down the shaft from two ‘crabs’ at the surface. However on 6 Jun 1879 at about 130 yards (119m) deep the scaffold weight brought down the crabs and several men were thrown down the shaft to the pit bottom a distance of about 70 yards (64m). 2 men were killed outright and several others sustained broken ankles.
  • On 15 Nov 1879 another man fell from the scaffold, a distance of about 10 yards (9m) but he died from his injuries on 23 Nov 1879.
  • On Saturday 20th Jan 1883 at Jerry pit a piece broke out of the flange of the single cylinder non-condensing vertical type engine (or table engine, whereby the engine cylinder was fixed on a table above the crank shaft). No injuries were noted but I suspect that winding would have been suspended for some time until repairs to the engine had been completed. See 1920 for other accidents.

Other Fatal Accidents 1916

  • Birchwood, Joseph Norris (62) injured leg on 5 Mar 1916 and died of toxaemia 22 Mar 1916
  • Blackwell B Winning, James Henry Alexander (18) crushed by tubs 27 Jan 1916
  • Coppice, Wilfred Walker (15) kicked by a pony on 13 Nov 1916 and died 16 Dec 1916
  • Creswell, Arthur Haywood (36) fall of roof on 15/11/916, died 7 Dec 1916
  • Denby, Frank Allsop (28) fall of coal 24 Mar 1916
  • Denby, Joseph Walker (51) caught in machinery 8 Dec 1916
  • Glapwell, George H Holmes (48) fall of roof 23 Jun 1916
  • Grassmoor, John McDowell (66) run over by wagons on the surface 13 Jul 1916
  • Hartshay, Joseph Horley (61) fall of roof 3 Aug 1916
  • Hartshay, John William Hardy (40) fall of roof 18 Dec 1916
  • Manners, Henry Paling (32) fall of roof 20 Mar 1916
  • Manners, Wilfred Dickens (16) fall in a roadway 29 Aug 1916
  • Manners, John Bradley (29) fall of roof on 5 Nov 1915, died 11 Oct 1916
  • Mapperley, Arthur W Cresswell (37) hit by a girder on 24/3 1916 and died 31 Mar 1916
  • Mapperley, William Betts (37) fall of coal 27 Jul 1916
  • Markham, William Bottoms (63) run over by tubs on 27 May 1916 but died 30 May 1916
  • New Langley, James Haynes (58) fall of roof 15 Oct 1916
  • Old Swanwick, Thomas Spencer Whittle (41) fall of roof 9 Mar 1916
  • Pleasley, Francis Walker (15) crushed by tubs 7 Sep 1916
  • Shirebrook, Jesse Swinn (17) fall of roof 4 Mar 1916
  • Shirebrook, Kenneth Ward (16) run over by tubs 21 Sep 1916
  • Tibshelf, Joseph Hill (35) injured hand on 20 Jul 1916, died 8 Sep 1916 from toxaemia
  • West Hallam, Henry Wheatley (36) fall of roof on 26 Jan 1916, died 20 Feb 1916
  • West Hallam, William Horridge (15) crushed by tubs 4 May 1916
  • West Hallam, Clarence Edward Glover (16) fall of roof 16 Jul 1916
  • Wingfield Manor, John Pugh (39) fall of roof on 24 Mar 1916 but died 15 Apr 1916
  • Woodside, Bernard Hall (28) fall of roof on 9 Aug 1916, died 11 Aug 1916.

 Zeppellin Raid

A German Zeppelin raider dropped 2 small bombs near to Pleasley colliery in 1916 but there was no injury reported. It was thought that the incident was a practice raid.

George Hill Undermanager at Tibshelf received 3 gold sovereigns (£3) per week salary, plus £18 War bonus for the year ending 1916 amounting to £174, plus house and coal supply.  The Manager asked him how they could douse the tip fires, obviously relating to the Pleasley incident where the glow of a tip fire could identify the location for the enemy.  The Manager would have been on about £5 per week. (Quote Cecil Hill, Tibshelf.)


The amount produced in 1916 was:-

  • Nottinghamshire  12,394,491 tons produced by 73,043 men and boys
  • Derbyshire 18,129,424 tons produced by 108,783 men and boys
  • Leicestershire 3,173,422 tons produced by 18,637 men and boys


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