Before 1906, rescue work was left to volunteers from the colliery at which the disaster occurred, led by mining engineers from neighbouring collieries.
A Royal Commission appointed in that year recommended that Central Rescue Stations manned by full time brigades should be provided in every coalfield by the owners, and that each colliery should also have part time rescue brigades of trained men.
This became law in 1912.
One of the first central rescue stations was at Mansfield Woodhouse. This was maintained by a company in which all the local coal owners had shares. Later, after nationalisation, it was taken over by the NCB, like all similar stations.
Mansfield Mines Rescue 1909. The Miner's Rescue Station opened in Mansfield Woodhouse in 1909 and moved to Leeming Lane in 1958.
I am not sure if the Ilkeston station had an underground fire pump but the Mansfield Station did and the stations were very similar. The fire pump was for dealing with underground fires, an "Elswick" double acting hand pump was installed.
This pump weighed 35 lbs and measured 13-in. x 7-in. x 17-in. and was capable of delivering 25 gallons a minute at 125 double strokes per minute. It could throw a 3/8 -in. jet of water about 40 feet vertically. Suction was taken from an ordinary water carrying tub or a small canvas portable dam measuring 3 feet x 18-in. x 18-in. The delivery hose was 1½-in. internal diameter and suction hose 2½-in. The valves were entirely of metal. Staff. There was a resident corps of nine men, including a motor driver mechanic, employed at the station. Five men were always immediately available for emergency work.
Permanent Corps Rescue Brigade at Mansfield Woodhouse, about 1914 with their engine. As can be seen, the early brigades were modelled on the fire service.
Early rescue work was left to volunteers like the St John's Ambulance Brigade which miners were encouraged to join. In 1906 the Permanent Corps Rescue Brigade was set up, and by 1912 became compulsory.
Mansfield colliery rescue team No 3 (c1911) in Meco breathing apparatus, and with a canary. In the 1980s the colliery had an aviary of 22, while the rescue station had 18. As the birds warned of carbon monoxide gas, two accompanied the team on each call out, and were only replaced by electronic detectors in the 1990s.
Click here for more information about breathing apparatus
The miner on the right, seated, is John Thomas Rigley.
He was My Grandfather,
Third from the left on the back row is Billy Anderson.
Babbington colliery No 1 Rescue Team (c. 1911 ) on one of their training days at Mansfield Woodhouse Rescue Station. By 1911 each colliery had to have a part-time rescue team to cover each shift. The station superintendent is there in uniform and the dog sometimes accompanied the Brigade on emergency calls.
Made in Mansfield — The importance of mines
The Made In Mansfield industrial gallery in the arcade at Mansfield Museum arcade looks at eight of the more well-known industries that built Mansfield’s reputation for manufacturing — and reveals stories about the work and the social aspects of working for major companies in the past. The museum is bringing News Journal readers the story of the people and companies that made Mansfield a centre of industry — and reveals stories about the work and the social aspects of working for major companies in the past.
A M ining Town THE growth of British industry led to a huge demand for coal. The first mines in this area were at Skegby, where coal lay closer to the surface.
Mansfield’s best coal lay about a quarter- of-a-mile underground and could not be reached without steam power.
The Warsop Main, Sherwood and Mansfield collieries were all founded around 1900. More mines nearby made Mansfield the centre of a major coalfield and its population more than doubled to reach 36,888 in 1911.
Mansfield Mines Rescue Service COAL mining was a very dangerous business — explosive and poisonous gases, heavy machinery, long tunnels and deep lift shafts all took their toll and 286 miners lost their lives working in the Mansfield, Sherwood and Warsop Main collieries.
Many more would have done so had they not been quickly rescued from their under-ground workplace.
Mansfield was home to one of the first and last central Mines Rescue Stations.
It was opened in 1909 and went through nationalisation and privatisation to become the base of the national Mines Rescue Service Ltd.
Don’t miss museum’s Feel Good Friday
ON the last Friday of the month, from 11am to 1pm, Feel Good Friday is a free monthly session, aimed at adults and run in partnership with Mansfield District Leisure Trust.
Every month people will get the opportunity to have a go at a variety of different activities and get advice about how they and their family can lead a healthier lifestyle.
The dates for 2017 were January 27, February 24, March 31, April 28, May 26, June 30, July 28, August 25, September 29, October 27, November 24 and December 15.
Join the museum at the first Feel Good Friday on Friday, 27th January 2017, at 11am.
The first free session will include a chance to try some healthy food and meet the team running the activities over the forthcoming year.
For more information on the Feel Good Fridays or other events, contact Jodie Henshaw, museum development officer, on 01623 463088 or email firstname.lastname@example.org