Information and photographs submitted by subscribers are posted in good faith. If any copyright of anyone else's material is unintentionally breached, please email me

The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913



Use Of Screens

At Silver Hill (Stanton Iron Co) in 1892 the men met the Manager JCB Hendy over the use of screens (forks) for loading out the coal and a strike followed in 1893 over the use of 1¼ inch (0.025m) screens. There was also a strike at Seymour during the winter of 1891-1892.

Spring Holiday For Pits

In February and March 1892 all pits in Nottinghamshire were stood for one week whilst the build up of coal stocks was cleared. It was termed a ‘Spring holiday’ and all pits complied. The owners were again attempting to lower the coal getting rates but the union stated that the output must be restricted if the market was overstocked. Most of the men were back at work by 21st March 1892 but the Butterley Co announced that there would be no work available at their pits for a further week whilst at Trowell Moor the men decided to hold out for a 15% rise for banksmen to bring their pay into line with pits in the area.

The average price of pithead coal had fallen to 7s 3d (36¼p) a ton.

Pinxton Pits Flooded

On returning to work several of the Pinxton pits (Derbyshire) were flooded and unable to work. The Pinxton Colliery Co attempted to lower wages. Manpower at the Pinxton pits had risen to 1,287 as against about 800 in 1890.

There were around 19,100 men and boys in Nottinghamshire

  • Annesley 840
  • Bestwood 1,400
  • Bleak Hall 74
  • Brierley Hill 264
  • Brinsley 343
  • Broxtowe 150
  • Bulwell 267
  • Cinderhill 510
  • Clifton 820
  • Digby 182
  • High Park 701
  • Hucknall No1, 540
  • Hucknall No2, 700
  • Kimberley 630
  • New Kirkby Summit 239 (East Kirkby)
  • Langley Mill 82
  • Linby 1,300
  • Lodge 45
  • Moor Green 875
  • New Hucknall 1,217
  • New London 420
  • Newstead 768
  • Pinxton 1,287
  • Plumptre 405
  • Pollington 374
  • Portland 347
  • Pye Hill 1,026
  • Newcastle 300
  • Selston 247
  • (Stanton Hill) Silver Hill, Sutton and Teversall 969
  • Trowell Moor 285
  • Underwood 460
  • Wollaton 1,050.


Another Liberal Government lasted from 1892 until 1895. Prime Minister William Gladstone (Liberal) 1892-1894. President of Board of Trade, …? (Lib) – 1895.
Principal Secretary of State HH Asquith QC MP 1892-1895.

The Parliamentary Reform Act 1892 gave the secret ballot by almost all men.

Strike By Engine Men

In May 1892 fourteen engine-men and firemen went on strike at New Hucknall (Nottinghamshire) (New Hucknall Colliery Co) over better wages and shorter hours, requesting 6d (2½p) a day rise on the rates of 3s 6d (17½p) for 9 hours and 4s 6d (22½p) for longer hours. The Leen Valley men were being paid 5s (25p) for an 8 hour day. After staying out for 3 months they sought reinstatement in September but were refused by the company. The union organised a strike to support them, but it failed. There were 1,217 men and boys employed at the time. The company built Newcastle Street housing for their employees.

Silver Hill Price-List And Strike

At Silver Hill (Nottinghamshire) a price-list was agreed with 1s 6d per ton when 1¼ inch screens were used.

The men wanted 1s 10d (81/3p) but the Company refused and strike notices were issued at the end of December 1892.

The strike would continue until the beginning of March 1893 when several issues were settled with Mr John Longden (16) of the Stanton Company. It was agreed that men could send small coal out of the pit but would only be paid 9d (3¾p) a ton and he also agreed that in future the filling price would be for a ton of 20 cwts and not the existing 20¼ cwts and that there would be payment for certain ‘extra’ work.

Fire At Langton

On 1st September 1892 a fire destroyed the No7 engine house at Langton (Pinxton Collieries Ltd). Mansfield and Sutton Fire Brigade extinguished the fire. The company purchased a pair of second-hand winding-engines from Pelshill, Staffordshire at a cost of £710. At the same time the company installed a new 21 feet (6.4m) diameter steam-driven Waddle fan at 140rpm at No8 shaft to replace the underground furnace.

Railway Extensions

The MSL Railway Company later called the GCR (Great Central Railway) put in a branch line and sidings to Langton colliery. (This rail branch line would close in 1973).

The Leen Valley Extension Railway reached Pleasley and Glapwell in 1892 opening up further markets for the mines.

The first sod ceremony of the Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway was performed by Mrs W Arkwright.

This railway would be taken over by the Great Central Railway in 1906.

Collieries Sunk or Opened in 1892

  • Barmoor Clough (Dr RO Giffard Bennet JP) sinking Nov
  • Birchitt (Edward Lucas and Son) start Thos Henry May Surveyor
  • Cartwright (The Coalminers’ Co-operative Brotherhood Ltd) Swadlincote, Surveyor Leonard Gillett, Derby, 19th May 1892
  • Broxtowe (Babbington Coal Co)
  • Daisy (Leicestershire) Main seam (Henry Skidmore and Co)
  • Grasscroft Wood (Messrs Redhead and Sellars) re-opened Jan/Mar 1892 (previously abandoned Feb 1883)
  • Hallowes Day Hole and old shaft start, magnetic meridian 18th May 1892, Surveyors H Smith Denton and Co
  • Ibstock 2 (Leicestershire) 437’ 11” (133.5m) with Deep Main or Roaster seam 8’ 6” (2.60m) at 394’ 11” (125.45m) and sank through Main coal gobbings at 223 feet (68m)
  • Long Close (JH Green and FW Whittington)
  • New Selston (Bull and Butcher) (Jas Oakes and Co) began sinking in 1892. There was another Selston colliery nearby (owned by Barber, Walker and Co which was 335 yards (306m) deep and sunk in 1852)
  • Pingot (Frank Mills) (North West Derbyshire), Yard
  • Rod Moor (Isaac Biggin), Stubley
  • South Normanton (South Normanton Colliery Co) sinking
  • Staunton Harold (South Derbyshire) (Staunton Colliery Co) Middle Lount seam opened a single shaft was sunk at Whitwell at 15 feet (4.57m) diameter to 310 yards (283m) deep in 1892 and was connected underground to Steetley (Shireoaks Colliery Co). A Walker fan 20 feet (6.1m) in diameter by 7 feet (2.13m) wide was driven by rope gearing 4:1.

Collieries Closed in 1892

  • Bagley (John Greensmith), Killamarsh, (Derbyshire), Barlborough coal, High Hazles, Clowne or Foxearth seam, abandoned 12th Feb, after meeting old workings, firstly on 17th Feb 1890, the DC shaft being 20 yards (18.25m) (remarks made by GH Frazer HMI and W Edwards, Geological Survey 11th June 1931)
  • Birchett (or Birchitt) (Lucas and Son) Stubley, Dronfield, Silkstone, met old works, abandoned 28th June 1892
  • Blackfordby (Moira Colliery Co) Raffaree coal or Stockings 5’ 0” (1.52m) and clay to 1891 and Eureka coal 3’ 0” (0.91m) and clay to 1892
  • Brockwell – start 1883, closed 1892
  • Burnd Edge Ollersett Moor, Yard seam, 23 Nov 1892
  • Calcutta (Leicestershire) (...?) but kept on as a pumping pit
  • Cobnar Wood (…?) Blackshale
  • Cottam (Renishaw Coal and Iron Co) Barlborough, Top Hard 4 Oct 1892, Surveyor William Deakin Wadsworth
  • Dunston (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co) Blackshale, 1 yard 2 ft 8 in (1.73m), finished 27th Feb 1892, Manager Jonathan Piggford (1084)
  • Forty Horse (Butterley Co) sunk 1846, 47 years
  • Granville Swadlincote (..?) (South Derbyshire), Stanhope seam 4’ 0” to 1’ 0” (1.22m to 0.30m), one shaft to seam and a drift from Eureka seam, abandoned Michaelmas Day 29th Sep 1892, Manager George S Bragge (683) signed 18th Oct 1892
  • Grasscroft Wood (previously Glasshouse) (Redhead and Sellars), Whittington, Silkstone seam, closed Dec 1892, abandoned Jan 1893 (Dunston and Barlow Co, The Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co and Israel Knowles), 18 old shafts, 1 adit, 3 areas surrounded by old works
  • Harrisons (operations ceased Oct 1891 and 38 yards (34.75m) deep trial shaft filled up by May 1892, at the expense of Joseph Harrison of Staveley, plan made by William Harrison Undermanager in charge, received by Arthur H Stokes (1505) Mines Inspector 17th Nov 1893
  • Marsh Vale (EH Phillips) Dronfield, Blackshale, old works all around, finished Mar 1892, Surveyor EH Phillips, Colliery Manager, Arthur H Stokes (1505) HMI 28th Sep 1894
  • Nesfield (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co Ltd) Blackshale or Fox’s coal, 65 yards 2 ft 5in (61m) 29 Sep 1892, Surveyors Coke, Mills and Coke
  • Newbold Back Lane (CJ Saunders), Chesterfield, sunk 1860, Tupton 1’ 6” to 1’ 11” (0.45m to 0.58m), Drawing shaft 45 yards (41m), met old works, unprofitable, finished Jan, abandoned 19th May, encroachments into lease area of 1st July 1884 by George Gregory and again by Gregory and Sharratt
  • New Langley (Butterley Co Ltd) Deep Hard, 113 yards (103m), shaft depth 120 yards (110m), dip of seam 1in9, abandoned 9th Jan 1892 (previously abandoned in 1887), plan signed by Frederick Channer Corfield Agent 22nd Feb 1892, received by Arthur H Stokes Inspector of Mines 24th Feb 1892
  • Ollersett Hall and Burnd Edge No4 (Ollersett Colliery Co Ltd) Yard, start 1890 finished Nov
  • Portland No2 (Butterley Co), but shaft kept open
  • Riber (Mrs Nichols), Brampton, Piper seam
  • Snowden Lane (Swift and Allen) Bramley Moor, Blackshale (in 1890 got by Unstone Coal Co), abandoned Aug 1892
  • Staunton Harold (Leicestershire) abandoned 30th Sep 1892, due to inferior coal and met old works, Main coal 6 feet (1,82m), Manager William Walker, Inspector Arthur H Stokes 8th May 1894
  • Staveley Springwell colliery, Blackshale, at 74 yards 1 ft 3 in (68m), Agent AW Barnes, Surveyor for Staveley Works E Wheldon, plan signed by Arthur H Stokes Inspector 25th Nov 1892
  • Two Oaks (JB Barlow) (sunk by H Rangeley) Unstone, Piper, adit and shaft 12 yards (11m), met old works and 10 yards (9m) fault, March 1892, finished July 1892, plan signed by Arthur H Stokes (1505) Inspector 4th Jan 1893
  • Walton (James Pearson)
  • London colliery Threequarters start 1889, met 2 old shafts, and old works from
    Lane colliery. (18)
  • The Deep Hard seam at New Langley (now Butterley Co Ltd) was abandoned again on 9th Jan 1892.
    Arthur H Stokes was the Inspector of Mines and Frederick Channer Corfield (426) signed the plan as Agent for the company.

Sale Of Effects

Brockwell: Sale of effects 2 Jul 1892. Pair of winding engines with drums, horizontal and vertical boilers. 5 pulley wheels, 40 corves, brick making machine and clay pans. On 3 Sep 1892 New Bull Close effects were for sale and included a 5hp vertical engine boiler combined with injector, drum and clutch gear complete.

Hours Of Work

The Butterley Company attempted to increase the hours of work at their pits by 3½ hours per week but the men came out on strike in November 1892 and lasted a week. The company then agreed to pay for all extra time worked by daywage men and that the hours for colliers was to be 6.15am to 3.15pm Monday to Friday and 6.15am to 10.30am on Saturdays.

At Teversall (Stanton Ironworks Co) the night shift men complained that they were being forced to work an hour extra per shift.

Fatal Accidents 1892

Included James Aram (33) Bulwell 20 Dec 1892.

A list of Fatal Accidents for North West Derbyshire pits for the years 1865-1892:

  • Axedge and Thatchmarsh (Buxton Lime Firms) 6
  • Aspenshaw (Aspenshaw Coal Co) 4
  • Birch Vale and Thornsett (Thos Bennett) 3
  • Burnd Edge and Bugsworth (Levi and Elijah Hall) 2
  • Chisworth (J Jowitt) 1
  • Fernilee (William Proctor) 1

Return to Top

Pit Terminology - Glossary