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The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913


1893 - Page 2

Mexbro' No3 (Bog and Wink)

Butterley Co threatened to close the Mexbro’ pit at Selston, (Nottinghamshire), unless the men returned to work by October and accepted the reduced rates. They did not return and true to their word in November 1893 closed down MexbroNo3 (Bog and Wink), sunk in 1856. The pit was flooded as pumping was discontinued. Of course all the men were out of work. So much for striking, albeit that it was for a just cause. Obviously the company could improve the production at other collieries to maintain the output. It would also mean that surface buildings etc could be dispensed with or sold plus the gang line would not be needed thus saving money all round.

  • Agent: Frederick Channer Corfield (426)
  • Manager: William Crosley
  • Undermanager: Benjamin Elliott.
  • Surveyor: John Holbrook to the Butterley Co.

16 Week Lockout Over

By 17th November 1893 the 16 week lockout was over. The Prime Minister now decided to intervene and he invited representatives from both sides to meet and terms were agreed between Lord Rosebery and the Miners Federation of Great Britain (MFGB). However there were still some miners out on strike by 7th December and out of a total of 8,850 some 170 Nottinghamshire miners were still out.


At Pinxton No2 and No3 the Silkstone and Low main seams were closed for a time though some of the men were employed in other parts of the pit.


The Top Hard was worked out at Swanwick (Derbyshire) (CRP Morewood) by December. There were 5 shafts at the Swanwick complex:

  • Common pit 10 feet (3.05m) diameter, 89 yards (81m) deep, 86 yards (79m) to 5’ 2” (1.57m) thick Waterloo winding level.
  • Old pit 9 feet (2.74m) diameter, 188 yards (172m) deep, 117 yards (107m) to 7’ 3” (2.2m) thick Top Hard winding level.
  • Deep pit 10 feet (3.05m) diameter, 327 yards (299m), 292 yards (267m) to 4’ 0” (1.22m) thick Deep Soft winding level.
  • Whites Lane pit 10 feet (3.05m) diameter, 257 yards (235m) deep, 240 yards (219m) to Deep Soft winding level.
  • New pit 16 feet (4.9m) diameter 429 yards (392m) deep, 305 yards (279m) to winding level below Deep Hard.


Apperknowle (North Derbyshire) changed hands from Unstone Coal and Coke Co to Apperknowle Colliery Co.

Colliery Sinkings in 1893

  • Albert pit, (Derbyshire Silkstone Coal Co) at Staveley
  • Apperknowle (Apperknowle Colliery Co), Unstone, to Silkstone at 334 yards (305m)
  • Barlow Common Side (John Booker and Co), Chesterfield, sunk 26 yards (23.75m) to Blackshale three shafts were started at Bentinck in 1894 to the lower seams, the second mine for the New Hucknall Colliery Co
  • Calow Green (Joseph Springthorpe) 2 shafts, Dayhole, borehole, 1in4 dip, start mining 9 Oct 1893 found no coal beyond fault
  • Coppice Fair Lady pit (EM Mundy) was sunk in 1893 at 13 feet (3.96m) diameter to Deep Hard or Potters coal at 204 yards (186m), with the Main Soft at 187 yards (171m)
  • Cresswell, the second of the Bolsover Co’s pits
  • Grove (SM Lancaster) Dunston seam
  • Long Close, (JH Green and FW Whittington), Undermanager, W Fieldsend
  • Marsh Lane (Chandler and Hudson)
  • New Selston (Bull and Butcher) (Jas Oakes and Co) was sunk at Selston to 180 yards (165m)
  • Oakthorpe sinking, Springfield Four Feet and Daisy Cannel (Henry Skidmore and Co),
  • Rowson Green (Kilburne Colliery Co) Footrill 10/1893, met old works 12/1893
  • South Normanton (South Normanton Colliery Co)
  • Tibshelf 3,4 (Top pit) sinking (Chas Seely)
  • Warsop Main (Staveley Coal and Iron Co).
    (15 Pits)

Collieries Closed in 1893

  • Alma (Thomas Holdsworth) Wallsend coal seam in North Wingfield abandoned 6 Jul 1893. No2 DC shaft 1,220 feet (372m), No3 UC shaft 1,212 feet (369.5m), with a pillar left for Hagg Hill House. Shaft section Top Hard hollows at 56’ 4” (17.5m), Dunsel (Dunsil) 2’ 0” (0.61m), Top Waterloo 163’ 6” (49.75m), Bottom Waterloo, 1st Silkstone (1st Ell 2’ 4” (0.71m), Ell 2’ 9½” (0.85m) at 461’ 6” (140.5m), 1st Cannel (Chavery) 634’ 9” (193.5m), Deep Soft (Flockton) 647’ 7” (197m), Deep Hard 815’ (248.5m), 1st Piper 870’ (265m), 2nd Piper 912’ (278m), 3rd Piper 950 feet (289.5m) Tupton 1,038’6” (316.5m), Tupton Threequarter 1,062’ 0” (323.5m), Cannel 1,077’ 0” (328m), 2nd Silkstone (Yard) 1,175’ 0” (358m), Wallsend or Blackshale at 1,230’ 9” (375m), WB Hague
  • Barmoor (Dr RO Giffard Bennet JP) Influx of water, finished 28 Apr 1893, Manager Sam Alsop
  • Barlow Common Side (John Booker and Co) Chesterfield, Blackshale, opened 3 Nov 1893, closed 31 Dec 1893, due to old works being all round
  • Barmoor Clough (Dr RO Giffard Bennet JP), Chapel-en-le-Frith, started 11/1892, closed due to influx of water, 28 Apr 1893, dip 5” to a yard (1in7), head between No1 and No2 pits and borehole by the side of No2, Surveyor S Alsop
  • Boothorpe (Boothorpe Sanitary Pipe Co) Pot clay coal and pot clay plus Stockings and Shiloh coal 8 ft (2.43m), finished 21 Oct 1893
  • Bridge Lane drift (W Osborne), Old Whittington, Deep Hard, Manager W Lowe
  • Brockwell drift Piper, and Newbold Back Lane colliery (CJ Saunders) Tupton, Drawing shaft 135 feet (41m) and several old shafts
  • Bucket Engine (….?) (North West Derbyshire)
  • Bull Bridge (Bull Bridge Brick Co) shaft 15 yards (14m), Alton ? 2’ 6” (0.76m) at 7½ yards (7m) and Belper Lawn 2’ 7” (0.79m) or lower coal, also in quarry – unprofitable, 31 Dec 1893
  • Burbage (Buxton Lime Firms Co Ltd) Goyte, Mountain or Yard seam: coal 1’ 0” (0.30m), bat 3” (0.07m), bottom bed 3’ 7” (1.1m), exhausted 31 Dec 1893
  • Butterley Park No5 (Butterley Co) Deep Hard, 172 yards (157m) deep, abandoned May 1893, Agent Frederick Channer Corfield (426), signed Mines Inspector Arthur H Stokes (1505) 23rd May 1893, connected to Forty Horse pit, coal and ironstone 170 yards (155.5m)
  • Calow drift (Joseph Springthorpe (637), Owner and Manager), Calow, Silkstone
  • Cowley New (Coot and Chetwynd) Dronfield, Mickley Thin 30” to 24” (0.76m to 0.61m), too thin to work,
    shaft 12 yards (11m) and UC shaft 15 yards (13.75m), abandoned 29 Apr 1893, Surveyor AL Cocking, Inspector Arthur H Stokes 30 Sep 1893
  • Donisthorpe and Double, (Donisthorpe Colliery Co) (South Derbyshire)
  • Dronfield New (Unstone Coal and Coke Co)
  • Glasshouse (Redhead and Sellers) Whittington, Silkstone, 16 yds (15m), Manager RH Redhead
  • Goyt(e) Moss Mine (Buxton Lime Co) Dec 1893
  • Grasscroft Wood (...) Blackshale, 46 years
  • Grove drift (Samuel Lowe and Sons), Newbold, Dunston
  • Hallowes (William Jackson) Silkstone, Day hole, air shaft and old shaft, met old hollows, sank a new shaft, unprofitable, Surveyors H Smith Denton and Co, Inspector Arthur H Stokes 30 Sep 1893
  • Halls (Henry Hall) Upperthorpe, Killamarsh, High Hazel 4’ 0” (1.22m) met old works and old shaft 30 feet (9m) deep, abandoned 17 Nov 1893
  • High Lane (Andrew Vardy) sunk 1886
    Hill Top Bull Close, drift and 6 yards (5m) shaft to Blackshale – information from William Hewitt 10/1893, Surveyors Coke Mills and Coke MEs and Inspector Arthur H Stokes 14th Oct 1893
  • Hill Top and New Bull Close (William Hewitt) Blackshale, shaft 6 yards (5m) and adit through old works, 10/1893. He had put the colliery plant up for sale in the previous year
  • Hucknall Torkard, Clowne or Yard – High Main 4’ 8½” (1.44m) at 150 yards (137m) deep, 4 heads from shafts, abandoned, Surveyor AS Worytas, Arthur H Stokes Inspector of Mines 11th July 1893
  • Locoford drift 47 yds (43m) (T Harrison), Tapton, Dunston, Undermanager William Harrison
  • Long Close (JH Green and FW Whittington), Whittington, Silkstone, (closed, opened 1892) re-opened 11 Nov 1893
  • Mallender (Charles) and Tuke (William), Upperthorpe, High Hazels, 2 separate headings, 27 feet (8.25m) deep, opened Oct, closed 11/1893, unprofitable
  • Manners (Manners Colliery Co) Ilkeston, Low Main seam Jerries 3” (0.08m), Minge 1’ 6” (0.46m), middle brights 1’ 1” (0.33m), bottom hards 6” (0.15m), total 3’ 4” (1.01m), 177 yards (162m) deep, closed 11 Feb 1893, abandoned 20 Apr 1894, Manager WE Walker, unprofitable
  • Marquis, (Moira Colliery Co) (Leicestershire)
  • Top Mexboro (Butterley Co) Selston, 43 years
  • Moira Bath (Moira Colliery Co) Church Gresley, (South Derbyshire), Main seam (Stephen Evans Ground bailiff)
  • Old Nesfield (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co), Silkstone 26 Sep 1893, Drawing shaft 65½ yards (60m), Manager JF Lee, Surveyors Coke Mills and Coke adjacent to Dunston colliery, abandoned 1892, sunk about 1862, first survey 29 Sep 1893 (Michaelmas) only 32 poles worked, estate of T Lucas, pillar left for Church and Glebe, the Trustees of the late Major Fox
  • Nesfield, (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co) Derbys
  • Oakthorpe, (John M Green) (South Derbyshire) Top seam abandoned 31 Aug 1893
  • Ollersett Hall or Brocklehurst (Aspenshaw Coal Co) Birch Vale, Yard or Big seam, long tunnel under Big Mine to workings, Inspector Arthur H Stokes 18 Feb 1893
  • Pottery Lane, Newbold Moor (E Clarke), Dunston basset 4’ 6” (1.37m) met old works immediately on opening, Surveyor Ernest A Coates 31 Dec 1893
  • Rawdon (Moira Colliery Co), (Leicestershire)
  • Renishaw Park No 4 pit (J and G Wells Eckington Collieries) Sitwell or Hollingwood (Deep Soft) seam at 47 yards (43m), first met old works in 1891 and water drift, pit closed 13 Apr 1893, nearby was Harbour Lane Whimsey pit
  • Reservoir, (Moira Colliery Co), Leicestershire
  • Riber (wrought by W Nicholls) Walton, Derbyshire, Piper seam, opened 1874, coal exhausted in owner’s property, Surveyor William Deakin Wadsworth, 1/1893
  • Rod Moor (Isaac Biggin) Stubley, closed – (opened 1892)
  • Rowson Green (Kilburne Colliery Co) Foot road and shaft and Trial pit no coal, 6” (0.15m) tops left, top soft coal 1’ 2” (0.35m), hards 6” (0.15m), minge 3” (0.07m), soft coal 4” (0.10m), bottom soft 5” (0.12m), flush 10” (0.10m), sloome 1” (0.02m), floor coal 1’ 1” (0.31m), 10/1893
  • Spinney (….?) (South Derbyshire)
  • Spital Lane drift (OE Mason), Chesterfield, Potters
  • Old Swanwick (CR Palmer-Morewood) Top Hard, finished 11/1903, Surveyor Jno W Eardley FSI
  • Temple Normanton (Temple Normanton Colliery Co – Messrs Barnes) sunk 1881, Surveyor J Archer, Top Hard finished 15 Nov 1893, unprofitable, seam – bind roof, Jays 6” (0.15m), steam hard 8” (0.20m), best hards 1’ 3” (0.38m), soft 2’ 0” (0.61m), sloom 3” (0.08m), rock floor, 11 trial boreholes drilled up to 9 yards (8m) deep, Surveyor Thomas Henry May, worked roughly 4 acres per year, position E442125 N366925
  • Grassmoor colliery workings to North West
  • Thatchmarsh (Buxton Lime Firms Co), Buxton, Mountain
  • Town Field (Townfield Colliery Co) Dronfield, Silkstone, 2 shafts 52 yards (47.5m) deep, Surveyor J Marriott, 3 May 1893
  • Upperthorpe (Henry Hall), 10 yards (9m) deep, Hazel seam 4 feet (1.2m) thick, 11/1893
  • Viaduct (Henry Rangeley), Unstone, 10 yds (9m), Silkstone, Manager W Henry Rangeley Wallsend (Holford) Furnace coal, start 1857, Surveyor and Mining Engineer Richard G Coke (547), finished 31 Oct 1893, Surveyor William Deakin Wadsworth 1860
  • Waterloo, (Big and Little) (Buxton Lime Co) nr Whaley Bridge
  • Westwick drift (T Bradshaw), Brampton Moor, Lower Bed. (43)
  • Swanwick (CR Palmer-Morewood Esq 1893) Top Hard abandoned, Surveyor Jno (John) William Eardley (635) ME, Alfreton, 1893, received and signed by Arthur H Stokes Inspector of Mines 27th Jan 1894. The area worked was quite considerable and the following shafts with details were noted: Old Colliery 2 shafts 120 yards (109.75m), dip 1in8.
  • Engine pit sunk 1795, 83 yards (75.75m), Engine pit sunk 1799, 64 yards (58.5m) to Top Hard
  • Cinder pit sunk 1800, 25 yards (22.75m),
    • Farnsworth pit sunk 1802, 60 yards (54.75m)
    • Cinder pit sunk 1802, 38 yards (34.75m)
    • North pit sunk 1804, 38 yards (34.75m)
    • Clays pit sunk 1804, 20 yards (18.25m)
    • Level pit sunk 1805, 62 yards (56.5m)
    • Oak Tree pit sunk 1805, 18 yards (16.5m)
    • Parkins pit sunk 1805, 33 yards (30m)
    • Bond pit sunk 1806, 30 yards (27.5m)
    • Air pit sunk 1808, 7 yards (6.5m)
    • Dam pit sunk 1811, 47 yards (43m)
    • Clays pit sunk 1812, 84 yards (76.75m)
    • Crab Tree pit sunk 1812, 103 yards (94m)
    • Engine pit 121½ yards (111m) – shafts.

Top Mexbro' Pit (Nottinghamshire) Closed

Top Mexbro pit (Nottinghamshire) 9 or 10 feet (2.74 or 3m) diameter shaft sunk in 1850 was closed in 1893, following the strike, after
43 years due to flooding and another Mexbro’ pit was closed later in 1894, both pits owned by
Butterley Co.

The Top Hard seam was worked at both pits. The pits were interconnected and the water draining from the Bottom pit was pumped at the Top pit.

At one shaft a single bucket and ram pump driven by a large horizontal beam steam engine on the surface having a 40” (0.94m) dia cylinder and 7 feet (2.13m) long stroke and 30 feet (9m) dia flywheel with up to 3 revolutions a minute pumped the water out of the mine.

Bottom Pit

The Bottom pit had a beam type engine. Prior to 1870 horses moved tubs on the pit top but Butterley Co built a vertical boiler Coffee pot engine capable of moving 6 wagons.

This engine had a pair of vertical 6” x 9” (0.15 x 0.23m) cylinder engines that were geared to the driving wheels.

The wagons of coal were transported to join the Portland tramway to the Canal.


  • 1862: 51,300 tons paid for (at 3,000 lbs to a ton, when actually there are 2,240 lbs, so equivalent would be 65,433 tons)
  • 1863: 62,864 tons
  • 1864: 49,176 tons
  • 1865: 63,018 tons
  • 1866: 65,003 tons
  • 1867: 60,835 tons
  • 1868: 53,631 tons
  • 1869: 57,561 tons
  • 1870: 58,889 tons
  • 1871: 66,701 tons
  • 1872: 71,511 tons max
  • 1873: 68,857 tons
  • 1874: 60,057 tons,
  • 1875: nil – strike
  • 1876: 56,394 tons
  • 1877: 46,759 tons
  • 1878: 44,712 tons
  • 1879: 51,449 tons
  • 1880: 51,129 tons

Manpower: 1893: 60 Top Hard, 19 s/f.
Manager: Henry Stevenson (1575).
Undermanager: A Wilbraham (2nd).
Surveyor: John Holbrook.

Fatal Accidents Included

  • Thomas Fletcher (58) Riddings 23 Feb 1893
  • - Hall (..?) Bulwell 30 Aug 1893.

New Company Formed

In 1893 at Netherseal (Leicestershire) a new company was formed and the pit was restructured by using underground haulage engine instead of ponies and compressed air instead of steam.

First Manpower Figures Published From 1894

The Mineral Statistics document of Great Britain price 1s 6d (7½p) prepared by HM Inspectors of Mines listed the first manpower figures from 1894. Previously only Owners of mines (from 1853/54), Managers and Agents (from 1883) and Undermanagers (from 1890) were listed. Certificate numbers of management personnel began to be published in 1888 and I have listed these where known. Note where an ‘s’ is shown after the number the person in post was given a service certificate because of his long experience. At a mine where less than 30 men were employed underground it was not necessary to have a certificate. Also many Agents although experienced in mining were not qualified, albeit that they were in charge of someone who was.

Shaft Depths

Shaft depths were first published in the Mines Inspectors report of 1893 and these are listed similarly.



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Go 2 1894